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Tag Archives: Veracruz Mexico
I (billdelaluz) have hooked up with ZAZZLE.COM and have started printing “T” shirts, and other products, using many of my photographs. These items are all available on the zazzle.com.billdelaluz/ web site. In most cases, you can customize any product any way you like. Its simple and fun.
Join me, billdelaluz, in all the fun and creativity. See you there ! Here are a few samples——
Hope you have enjoyed this posting and I look forward to posting more items in the near future.
I have up- loaded some new photos to my Imagekind gallery. NaturesBounty.
Copy & paste this link and take a look—
These and other new additions may be found at Imagekind SEE YOU THERE ! —– Bill Pandolf
In the City of Oaxaca, The Mercado de Artesanias or Artist Market is the one-stop shopping location for a huge verity of moderately priced handcrafts of the region….such as textiles, weavings and other hand-made items.
Starting with the Juarez Market, one block off the Zocalo, walking down Calle 20 de Noviembre, you will pass a verity of small venders displaying a wide selection of goods from many of the villages from the areas surrounding the City of Oaxaca.
Walking on past the food court / market…you will then come upon the alluring aromas of the Chocolate companies that have helped to make Oaxaca such a wonderful culinary experience.
After tearing yourself away from the samples, and purchasing the Cinnamon-chocolate that makes the best hot chocolate in the world, you will turn to the right and proceed to the corner of J P Garcia & Zaragoza, and the Mercado de Artesanies.
Located in a cavernous barn of a building, The Mercardo de Artesanias will soon overwhelm you with the variety and quantity of crafts on display.
There are stalls upon stalls of bedspreads, table cloths, place mats and napkins. Other stalls of handmade baby’s and children’s cloths ( hundreds of items to choose from ) . Women’s blouses, skirts, dresses, hats & scarfs…men’s shirts, hats, and drawstring pants. If you don’t see the color, design, or size you want…just ask, and out from under the counter will come hundreds more to choose from !
Also in The Mercardo de Artesnias you will find a vast selection of hand crafted TIN Christmas ornaments, picture frames, hanging lanterns and mirror surrounds.
Other items to be found in abundance are mystical, hand carved and brightly painted wooden animals, frames and assorted decorative items.
This Mercardo de Artesanias is a good starting place to get a hands on visual overview of the vast variety of hand crafted items produced in the Oaxaca Valley and the villages in the surrounding mountains.
Also, a quick education of what to look for in the abundance of ” high-End ” shops and galleries located throughout the City of Oaxaca. …where you might find that perfect, one of a kind piece, to complement your home decor.
The Mercardo de Artesanias is the perfect place to pick up those easy to pack gift items that you friends and family will enjoy for some time to come.
These pictures show the looms on which the bedspreads, table cloths and assorted piece goods are made. Note the age of these looms…they must have been in use for many years.
Below are some samples of what can be created on these old looms.
For more info on The City of Oaxaca on the web:
I hope you have enjoyed this very SMALL peek at the City of Oaxaca, Mexico
My good friend Dina teaches English in the ESCUELA PRIMARIA FEDERAL–CIUDAD de TLACOTALPAN.
She had this great idea..a project to help her 3rd graders with some basics. And, WOW, what a reaction she got ! Now all her students, through the 6th graders want to participate!
She had them create a barnyard scene, with all the animals named in English.
Some of these children come from homes that are hard pressed to be able to fund these extra projects, but as you will see…this does not dampen their imagination or enthusiasm. Some can not afford the extra Pesos per week for this English class, so Dina happily includes all who want to learn. God bless her. Here are a few photos of their completed projects….
DINAS other 3rd grade class…………………….
As you probably could tell…some barnyards were labeled in English, some in Spanish, and some….not labeled at all. NO MATTER. After show and tell, with each item in each barnyard called out loud ( in English ) by the whole class..A certificate of achievement was given to each student who completed the project. What a fun way to harness that short attention span of a classroom of 3rd graders and teach at the same time. BRAVO, Dina !
The name TLACOTALPAN comes from the Nahuatl language, loosely meaning “land floating on water, as the area was an island before sediment filled in the “Rio Chiquito”..(little river), to one side, consolidating the island with the mainland.
In 1518, Pedro de Alvarado first explored the ” Sotavento “-or-the leeward side (to which the wind blows) of the Papaloapan river delta, for his homeland of Spain. This also was the first contact with the Indigenous inhabitants.
Around 1521 a Spanish land grant was given to Sr. Alonso Romero Soldier. The town government was created, and the new name..” SAN CRISTOBAL de TLACOTALPAN ” was given to the area.
Three sections of the community were established.
1. First Settlement…the official government offices and residences
2. The Native Congregation
3. The Spanish Settlement
Then in 1580 TLACOTALPAN was given the title ” Pueblo de Cabecras “…roughly meaning …official recognition as a Pueblo by Spain.
At this time, and throughout the 17th century, the population was divided into two groups. The Spanish, around the Zocalo and to the left side. And the Native village to the right side of the Zocalo. Untill the early 1600s, TLACOTALPAN was mainly an Indigenous community where a Spanish minority lived.
On into the 17th century more and more Spanish and other Europeans arrived and the Indigenous were pushed back to the area surrounding the current location of the San Miguel Church.
The main streets were planned in an East-West direction, running parallel to the river. The houses benefited from this position, taking advantage of the ventilation from the Northwest prevailing winds. Porticos were created to protect the houses from the morning and afternoon sun, and providing a covered walkway for the pedestrians.
The lime and brick factories, as well as the first meat and fish markets were located on the opposite side of the river, in accordance to Spanish statutes. The remains of the brick factory can still be seen there today.
The construction of the Royal Shipyard in 1750, and a Spanish court decree, turned TLACOTALPAN into a renound port by the early 1800s.
By 1821, TLACOTALPAN was a significant port with established trade routes with New Orleans, Havana, and Bordeaux. With steamers sailing up the Papaloapan River from the Gulf of Mexico at Alvarado. One of the reasons for the ports great success was the fact that it was easy to defend from PIRATES and even the invading French of Napoleon III. The port was defended from the French for 3 full years, until the end of the conflict.
At the height of its trading days, The Port of TLACOTALPAN owned over 13 steamships.
Amongst the items exported were: Leathers, Tobacco, Seeds, Cotton, cut Corn, Rum, Moral Stick, Alligators, Sugar, Ceder, Mahogany, Pine, and Heron Feathers.
In 1849 the Government Building was built and oil burning street lamps were installed. Also during this period, the central market was built, and several public squares were created. Also a city Band and a music academy was established.
In 1885, with donations from merchants, traders and ranchers, construction was begun on the San Cristobal Church and Parrish. Two years later the right tower was completed and the clock was installed. During this period, the Casino Tlacotalpaño was constructed , where today, the Hotel Doña LaLa now stands. This was also the time in which the NETZAHUALCOYOTL THEATER was constructed.
By 1909, TLACOTALPAN had eight government offices, six public schools, four private schools, three hotels, nine factories, and one Parrish with two churches. Also one hospital, one jail, 1200 houses, and 54 huts.
In 1905 the Isthmus Railroad bypassed TLACOTALPAN, for the Port of Veracruz…..This combined with a cyclone and earthquake in the 1930s, and several subsequent floods, brought commerce to a halt and the ultimate decline of ” THE JEWEL OF THE PAPALOAPAN”. In 1944, 460 hectares of the Popaloapan river delta were flooded.
By the end of the 19TH century, sugar cane and cattle raising had taken over about 95% of all the surrounding land.
The type of housing construction seen today was developed in the 18th & 19th centuries, partially due to a series of fires that devastated most of the village. After that, buildings made from palm wood were prohibited in the urban area.
Besides cattle and horse raising, some of the crops cultivated at the time were : Corn, Sugar cane, Cotton, Rice, Beans, Tobacco, Water Mellon, Mellon, Pineapple, Sweet potato, Mamey, seven different types of Bananas, Oranges, Lemons, limes, Papaya, Avocado, Plum, Red Current, Coco, Nanche, Guava, Apple, Fig, Almonds, Coconut, Pumpkin, and Mangos.
Squash, Chayote, Yucca, Cabbage, Radishes, Jicama, Beets, Chard, Squash, Eggplant, Sweet & Common Chillies, Tomatoes, Garlic, Onions, and Kidney Beans.
There were, and are, many species of animals and birds…but hunting was never a preferred activity.
Fish, including Sea Bass, Jolote, Stripped Mullitt, Lake Trout, Shad, Eel, Blue Crab, Black and White Mojarra, Catfish, Shrimp, and Grouper. As well as several species of Turtles.
In 1998, TLACOTALPAN was recognized by UNESCO as a WORLD HERITAGE SITE. TLACOTALPAN is one of only a few places to have the entire town so designated.
The modest, single story homes, with colonnades, porticos, and tajas tile roofs, are a blend of Spanish and Caribbean architectural design. This theme continues with the brightly painted buildings and wide streets that are virtually untouched today. The historic town center has maintained its Renaissance layout ..” For the Foundation and Establishments of Towns ” ..dictated by FELIPE II of Spain, in the so called “Laws Of The Indies “.
As a TLACOTALPAN proverb states..” JUST BY STANDING ON THIS LAND, YOU BECOME MY BROTHER “.
Julio Sesto, a romantic Spanish poet who visited TLACOTALPAN wrote: ” Oh, my brother, if you are weary of suffering, go to the Papaloapan, take in the air of the Sotavento,..everything is cured in TLACOTALPAN, everything is forgotten. The soul that, when injured, is incurable…is cured” !
As the Mexican writer..ELENA PONIATOWSKA says……………………………………….
“When I want to smile, I remember TLACOTALPAN; when you pronounce the word TLA-CO-TAL-PAN, its’ as tho you wash your face and laughter comes out”
The always smiling, friendly people contribute to making a visit to TLACOTALPAN a restful and everlasting experience. WELCOME.
For more pictures of TLACOTALPAN…click on the “webshots/billdelaluz” link, listed on the right hand side at the top of this blog page.